Governance

The Constitution

The Constitution of the Fourth Republic, approved by a national referendum on 28 April 1992, makes provision for a multi-party political system. Executive power is vested in the President, who is Head of State and Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces. The President and the Vice President are elected by universal adult suffrage. The duration of the President�s tenure of office is limited to two four-year terms. Legislative power is vested in a 200-member uni-cameral Parliament, which is elected by direct adult suffrage for a four-year term. Ministers are appointed by the President, subject to approval by the Parliament. The Constitution also provides for a 25-member Council of State, principally comprising presidential nominees and regional representatives.

Judicial System

The civil law in force in Ghana is based on the Common Law, doctrines of equity and general statutes which were in force in England in 1874, as modified by subsequent Ordinances. Ghanaian customary law is, however, the basis of most personal, domestic and contractual relationships. Criminal Law is based on the Criminal Procedure Code, 1960, derived from English Criminal Law, and since amended. The Superior Court of Judicature comprises a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeal, a High Court and a Regional Tribunal. Inferior Courts include Circuit Courts, Circuit Tribunals, Community Tribunals and such other Courts as may be designated by law.

The civil law in force in Ghana is based on the Common Law, doctrines of equity and general statutes which were in force in England in 1874, as modified by subsequent Ordinances. Ghanaian customary law is, however, the basis of most personal, domestic and contractual relationships. Criminal Law is based on the Criminal Procedure Code, 1960, derived from English Criminal Law, and since amended. The Superior Court of Judicature comprises a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeal, a High Court and a Regional Tribunal. Inferior Courts include Circuit Courts, Circuit Tribunals, Community Tribunals and such other Courts as may be designated by law.

Fast Track Courts have also been established to speed up court trials and overhaul justice delivery in the country.

The Supreme Court consists of the Chief Justice and not fewer than nine other Justices. It is the final court of appeal in Ghana and has jurisdiction in matters relating to enforcement or interpretation of the Constitution.

Politics

Political Parties
Party Address Tel.
National Democratic Congress (NDC) P.O. Box 5825
Accra-North
222115
223195
224905
220743
New Patriotic Party (NPP) P.O. Box 3456
Accra-North
227951
224418
222420
Convention People’s Party (CPP) 60 Mango Tree Avenue
Asylum Down
P.O. Box 10939
Accra-North
227763
228751
Democratic People’s Party(DPP) P.O. Box C1562
Accra
221673
Eagle Party (EP) P.O. Box 1859
Accra
231873
People’s National Convention (PNC) P.O. Box 7795
Accra
236389
Great Consolidated Popular Party (GCPP) Citadel House
P.O. Box 3077
Accra
229721
311034
United Ghana Movement (UGM) P O Box C.2611
Cantonments
Accra
223506
225581
231390
Ghana Democratic Republic Party (GDRP)   223303
National Reform Party (NRP) P.O. Box 19403
Accra-North

31 Mango Tree Avenue
Asylum Down
228578
226437

Government of the Republic of Ghana

President: His Excellency Mr John Evans Atta Mills
Vice-President: His Excellency John Dramani Mahama

Ministers of State

www.ghana.gov